Human Research Ethics from the Nuremberg Code to the Belmont Report
The period 1948 to 1979 is generally considered to be the critical time during which modern human research ethics was established. I will describe the process of the Nazi Doctors Trial and the various arguments that were brought to the “medical case,” as it was known at the time, and the further scandals and tragedies that finally led to the basic principles of research ethics thirty years later.
Jonathan Moreno, Ph.D., David and Lyn Silfen University Professor and Professor of Medical Ethics and the History and Sociology of Science, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Member, International UNESCO Bioethics Committee.
Ryan, K. J., Brady, J. V., Cooke, R. E., Height, D. I., Jonsen, King, P., Lebacqz, K., Louisell, D. W., Seldin, D. W., Stellar, E., and Turtle, R. H. “Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research.” The Belmont Report (1979). S. Department of Health & Human Services. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Web. 1 June 2015.